Australia Continent: History, Features and Countries

Australia is the smallest out of the 7 world continent with a total area of  8,600,00 Sq.km consisting of 14 countries and islands and key features.

It contains 14 countries. It is the least populated continent after Antarctica, only 0.3% of the total Earth population live here with total area of 8,600,000 Sq.km.

FOB News gathered that Australia is the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne.


The region of Australasia consists of of Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and neighboring islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Oceania is a region made up of thousands of islands throughout the Central and South Pacific Ocean. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. 

Continental Islands

Continental islands were once attached to continents before sea level changes and tectonic activity isolated them. Tectonic activity refers to the movement and collision of different sections, or plates, of the Earth’s crust.

The Australia’s landscape is a region of deserts and semi-arid land. New Zealand’s glaciers are a result of the islands’ high elevations and proximity to cool, moisture-bearing winds. Papua New Guinea’s highland rain forests are a result of the island’s high elevations, proximity to tropical, moisture-bearing winds, and location right below the warm Equator.

Countries of Australia Continent
  1. Australia
  2. New Zealand
  3. Papua New Guinea
  4. Fiji
  5. Solomon Islands
  6. Micronesia
  7. Vanuatu
  8. Samoa
  9. Kiribati
  10. Tonga
  11. Marshall Islands
  12. Palau
  13. Tuvalu
  14. Nauru

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