North America Continent: History, Features, Regions and Countries

North America is third largest continent on Earth covering an area of 24.7 million km² (9.5 million sq mi) and it comprises of 23 countries.

FOB News in this article elucidates some of the features and regions in North America continent. It includes 23 countries led by the USA as the largest economy in the world with total area of 24,709,000

North America

Key Facts


The continent has at estimated population of 998 million people, about 13% of the world population.

The most populous countries in the Americas are the United States, with 329 million people, and Brazil, with 212 million (in 2019) according to United Nations.

Largest Metropolitan Areas

They include São Paulo, Mexico City, New York, Buenos Aires, Los Angeles.

Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas. Aconcagua in the Andes mountain range is the highest mountain in the Americas at 6,960.8 m (22,837 ft).

Highest Point

  • Aconcagua in Argentina is the highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere at 6,960.8 meters (22,837 ft). 
  • Denali in Alaska (also known as Mount McKinley) is the highest mountain in North America at 6,168 meters (20,239 ft).

Largest Lake

The largest lake in the Americas is Lake Superior. It is the largest of the Great Lakes and is shared by Canada and the US. With a surface area of 82,000 km² (32,000 sq mi), it is also the largest freshwater lake in the world.

Longest Rivers

The longest river in the Americas is the Rio Amazonas (Amazon river), with a length of "at least" 6,400 km (4,000 mi). The source of the Amazon lies in the Peruvian part of the Andes mountain range.

The second longest river in the Americas is the Paraná, at 4,880 km (3,030 mi); it flows through three countries, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, before entering the Rio de la Plata, an estuary in the Atlantic Ocean.

There is much discussion about the longest river in North America, as the name of the "main river" varies.

Anyway, the Missouri is the longest river in North America with a length of 4,087 km (2,540 mi); it originates in the Rocky Mountains in western Montana.

At 3,766 km (2,340 mi), the Mississippi River is the second longest river in North America, rising at Lake Itasca in Minnesota, USA. [2]

Major Subregions

North America, South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.


The Pacific Coast Ranges, the Rocky Mountains, and the Andes all belong to the mountain system of the American Cordillera, a series of mountain ranges running through North and South America and West Antarctica.

List of Countries in North America

There are 23 independent countries in North America.

  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Canada
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Cuba
  8. Dominica
  9. Dominican Republic
  10. El Salvador
  11. Grenada
  12. Guatemala
  13. Haiti
  14. Honduras
  15. Jamaica
  16. Mexico
  17. Nicaragua
  18. Panama
  19. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  20. Saint Lucia
  21. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  22. Trinidad and Tobago
  23. United States of America (U.S.A)